Termites are eusocial insects that are classified at the taxonomic rank of infraorder Isoptera, or as epifamily Termitoidae within the cockroach order Blattodea. Termites were once classified in a separate order from cockroaches, but recent phylogenetic studies indicate that they evolved from close ancestors of cockroaches during the Jurassic or Triassic. However, the first termites possibly emerged during the Permian or even the Carboniferous. About 3,106 species are currently described, with a few hundred more left to be described. Although these insects are often called white ants, they are not ants.
Like ants and some bees and wasps from the separate order Hymenoptera, termites divide labour among castes consisting of sterile male and female "workers" and "soldiers". All colonies have fertile males called "kings" and one or more fertile females called "queens". Termites mostly feed on dead plant material and cellulose, generally in the form of wood, leaf litter, soil, or animal dung. Termites are major detritivores, particularly in the subtropical and tropical regions, and their recycling of wood and plant matter is of considerable ecological importance.
Termites are among the most successful groups of insects on Earth, colonising most landmasses except for Antarctica. Their colonies range in size from a few hundred individuals to enormous societies with several million individuals. Termite queens have the longest lifespan of any insect in the world, with some queens living up to 50 years. Unlike ants, which undergo a complete metamorphosis, each individual termite goes through an incomplete metamorphosis that proceeds through egg, nymph, and adult stages. Colonies are described as superorganisms because the termites form part of a self-regulating entity: the colony itself.
Termites are a delicacy in the diet of some human cultures and are used in many traditional medicines. Several hundred species are economically significant as pests that can cause serious damage to buildings, crops, or plantation forests. Some species, such as the West Indian drywood termite (Cryptotermes brevis), are regarded as invasive species.
Termites cause billions of dollars in damage each year. They primarily feed on wood, but also damage paper, books, insulation, and even swimming pool liners and filtration systems. Termites can injure living trees and shrubs, but more often are a secondary invader of woody plants already in decline. While buildings may become infested at any time, termites are of particular importance when buying or selling a home since a termite inspection/infestation report is normally a condition of sale. Besides the monetary impact, thousands of winged termites emerging inside one's home are an emotionally trying experience — not to mention the thought of termites silently feasting on one's largest investment.
The National Pest Management Association states that damage from termite infestations totals approximately $6 billion in property damage each year in the United States alone. The damage to the structure happens over time and often without the homeowner’s knowledge until extensive damage has already taken place requiring expensive repairs. While they burrow inside and primarily feed on wood, the termite is also known to damage paper, books and insulation. The thought of a house being infested with termites has such a negative effect in the minds of potential buyers that it impacts the marketability of the home. Because of their unique, cryptic behaviors, termites will leave almost no visible signs of infestation or damage for years. The damage being created by the invasive insects goes undetected for long periods of time because they feed from the inside out, sometimes leaving just the outer shell intact. For the homeowner and potential seller, regularly scheduled home inspection from trained pest management specialists can eliminate much grief and expense. The key to effective termite control is early detection. In the event a homeowner is considering placing their home on the market for sale, contacting a professional pest control company to perform a termite inspection would be prudent. Whereas this is required at time of sale anyway, it is always best to know beforehand. To find out later will more than likely cause a decline in the value of the home. With termite inspection reports being a condition in the contract, it could also cause the sales agreement to be terminated. Potential buyers should proceed cautiously with the purchase of any home in which a termite inspector finds activity. Repairs from termites can become extremely costly due to the probability of so much internal damage. You will want to discuss the level of infestation, determine if termites are still present and the amount of damage. Consult a contractor to inspect the home with the termite control specialist to determine the extent of damage and the cost of repair.
Most termiticides are repellents, which means they keep termites away from a treated area, rather than killing them. These repellent termiticides also kill termites. However, since the termites are repelled when they come in contact or just before actually contacting pyrethroid treated soil, the 'killing power' is less dramatic and if anyone took the time to count dead termites, less efficient. Termidor is non-repellent. Termites can't detect it. Since they don't know it's there, they forage freely in a treated area. Termidor, like other leading liquid termiticides, is lethal to termites when they ingest it (which they do readily since they don't know it's there). But, unlike all other termiticides, Termidor is lethal by contact as well. Once a termite comes into contact with Termidor, they carry it back to the colony on their bodies. Every other termite it contacts will itself become a carrier, contacting and infecting others. This is known as "The Transfer Effect"
Out of a many harmful insects and pests, termites pose a great damage to our property. Our investments are devastated by this tiny insect. Termites are not noticeable firstly and its presence becomes obvious after their occupation of many years. By that time your major property is ruined already. Every year lots and lots of money is lost in terms of attack by termites. This insect eats up furniture, infrastructure made up of wood. Their place of residence is under soil. They make their path to nearby places where they could find wood. Sometimes they go into your books and spoil all pages. you can safe your property from termites in two ways. One way is to kill all termites during construction of the building. The second way is killing this insect after all is done and termite is found ruining your property. The chemicals used to kill termites pose no damage to environment. Termites need to be killed underneath the soil. If this method of killing termites is not dealt properly then it may pose threat to contaminate the reserves of water and whole supply will cause damage to living beings.
We use the following medicines to protect you form termites:
Agenda 25 EC is a liquid formulation which provides long-term protection to your home from termites. Agenda contains active ingredient fipronil. For conducting Post-construction or Pre-construction anti-termite treatment, Agenda should be mixed with water at a recommended dose rate and applied as per the recommended guidelines.
Termicure 25EC controls all types of termites and wood boring insects.
Fipro star is a Spray , shower or flood the water mixed solution at 5 litter per sq used for the termite proofing and also used for the fumigation . This is one of the best product which we have for termite proofing and fumigation.